The objective of EUCLIMIT is to perform model-based scenario quantification which supports the European Commission in undertaking impact
assessments and analysing policy options for implementing and further
developing the Climate and Energy package and other climate-relevant policies in the EU.
The specific objectives of the project are:
- Updating or constructing baseline projections / reference cases and variants thereof;
- Assessment of the impacts of measures or packages of climate or climate relevant policy measures compared to the relevant baseline(s);
- User-friendly presentation of assumptions and detailed (draft) results on a website and in consultation processes with Member States.
EUCLIMIT makes available a suite of mathematical models, which are updated and
operational, covering all greenhouse gas emissions, removals and possible ways of emission reductions.
The models are linked with each other in formally-defined ways, so as to ensure
consistency in the building of scenarios. They cover:
- Emissions: CO2 emissions from energy and processes (PRIMES), CH4, N2O, the fluorinated
greenhouse gases (GAINS), GHG from LULUCF (GLOBIOM-G4M), air pollution SO2, NOx, PM2.5-PM10,
ground level ozone, VOC, NH3 (GAINS)
- Emission Reduction and Removals: structural changes and technologies in the energy system and industrial processes
(PRIMES), various technological non-CO2 emission reduction measures (GAINS), changes in land use (GLOBIOM-G4M-CAPRI)
- Time Horizon: 1990 to 2050 (5-year time steps)
- Geography: individually all EU Member States and, where relevant, Croatia, Turkey, Norway, Switzerland, Serbia,
Montenegro, Bosnia, Albania, FYROM
- Impacts: on energy, transport, industry, agriculture, forestry, land use, atmospheric dispersion,
health, ecosystems (acidification, eutrophication), macro-economy with multiple sectors,
employment and social welfare
Scenario results provide analytical information to support Cost-Benefit/Cost-Effectiveness analysis and other complex analyses involving multiple objectives.