The objective of EUCLIMIT is to perform model-based scenario quantification which supports the European Commission in undertaking impact assessments and analysing policy options for implementing and further developing the Climate and Energy package and other climate-relevant policies in the EU.

The specific objectives of the project are:

  1. Updating or constructing baseline projections / reference cases and variants thereof;
  2. Assessment of the impacts of measures or packages of climate or climate relevant policy measures compared to the relevant baseline(s);
  3. User-friendly presentation of assumptions and detailed (draft) results on a website and in consultation processes with Member States.

EUCLIMIT makes available a suite of mathematical models, which are updated and operational, covering all greenhouse gas emissions, removals and possible ways of emission reductions. The models are linked with each other in formally-defined ways, so as to ensure consistency in the building of scenarios. They cover:
  • Emissions: CO2 emissions from energy and processes (PRIMES), CH4, N2O, the fluorinated greenhouse gases (GAINS), GHG from LULUCF (GLOBIOM-G4M), air pollution SO2, NOx, PM2.5-PM10, ground level ozone, VOC, NH3 (GAINS)
  • Emission Reduction and Removals: structural changes and technologies in the energy system and industrial processes (PRIMES), various technological non-CO2 emission reduction measures (GAINS), changes in land use (GLOBIOM-G4M-CAPRI)
  • Time Horizon: 1990 to 2050 (5-year time steps)
  • Geography: individually all EU Member States and, where relevant, Croatia, Turkey, Norway, Switzerland, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia, Albania, FYROM
  • Impacts: on energy, transport, industry, agriculture, forestry, land use, atmospheric dispersion, health, ecosystems (acidification, eutrophication), macro-economy with multiple sectors, employment and social welfare

Scenario results provide analytical information to support Cost-Benefit/Cost-Effectiveness analysis and other complex analyses involving multiple objectives.